Glossary

  • Ambulatory: able to walk; not confined to bed
  • Antibiotic: medication used to treat various infections
  • Apnea: a temporary halt in breathing
  • Aspiration: the act of breathing in fluid or a foreign body or substance
  • Biopsy: an examination of tissues removed from the body to make a diagnosis
  • Bradycardia: An abnormally slow heartbeat
  • CAT Scan, CT Scan: computerized x-ray of a part of the body or the entire body, more detailed and precise than an ordinary x-ray
  • Catheter: a thin, hollow tube that can be inserted into the body to withdraw or insert fluid
  • Cardiac: pertaining to the heart
  • CBC (complete blood count): a blood test to see how many and what kind of blood cells an individual has; the test is done with a very small amount of blood
  • Chart: patient's medical record; holds the complete history of the child's illness, medicines, and tests from the time of admission until he/she goes home
  • EEG (electroencephalogram): Recordings of the electrical activity of the brain; the EEG may be useful in recording seizures.
  • EKG (electrocardiogram): study of heart activity (also ECG)
  • Endoscopy: a test/procedure in which a flexible tube with a light is used to look inside a body cavity or organ
  • Febrile: pertaining to fever
  • Gastrointestinal: pertaining to all or some of the organs of the digestive tract, from mouth to anus
  • Hyperglycemia: a condition where there is too much sugar in the bloodstream
  • Hypoglycemia: a condition where there is not enough sugar in the bloodstream
  • Infusion: the slow injection of a fluid into a vein or tissue
  • I & O's: Input and output that is measured and recorded
  • I.V.: intravenous; method of putting medicines, fluids, or nourishment (liquid food) directly into the body through a vein
  • Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap): withdrawal of fluid from or injection of fluid/medicine into the subarachnoid space of membranous coverings of the lumbar (lower back) spine
  • Nasogastric tube (NG tube): a tube inserted through the nose to the stomach, placed to drain the contents of the stomach or to provide nourishment if a patient's swallowing is impaired
  • NICU: neonatal intensive care unit
  • NPO: nothing to eat or drink
  • OR: operating room
  • PICU: pediatric intensive care unit
  • Pulse: number of heartbeats per minute
  • PO: take in orally
  • Pulmonary: pertaining to the lungs
  • Renal: pertaining to the kidneys
  • Rounds: when the healthcare team meets together to discuss patient care
  • Saline: a watery solution that contains a small amount of salt and is often used to administer drugs
  • Seizure: a sudden, involuntary contraction of muscles that results in rhythmic movements of the body
  • Sepsis: the infection of tissues by disease causing organisms
  • Shunt: A device that is inserted into the body to redirect the flow of blood or ther fluid from one area to another
  • Sputum: a mixture of saliva and mucus that is coughed up from the respiratory tract
  • Stenosis: an abnormal narrowing of a passageway, such as a blood vessel or other type of opening in the body
  • Suction: removing secretions with a suction devise
  • Syringe: device used to inject fluid (i.e. medicine) into IV, muscle, or vein; also used without a needle to give medicine in the mouth
  • Tachycardia: an abnormally rapid heartbeat
  • Vital signs: temperature, pulse, blood pressure, and respiration

If you have additional questions, please speak with your child's team of medical providers.